There are three major types of skin cancer: basal cell cancer, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma. Each of these skin cancers is primarily caused by too much exposure to the sun, but genetics may also play a role in increasing your risk for skin cancer.
Skin diseases and cancers are most effectively diagnosed through a biopsy that can be performed in our office and sent to a specialist or lab. For early-stage skin cancers, a biopsy or the surgical removal of the affected area can stop cancer from spreading. Depending on the progression of the cancer, there are several options when treating skin cancer including:
- Creams: If caught early enough, certain skin cancers can be treated with medicated creams and ointments that can be applied at home or in our office.
- Excision: Excisions cut out the tumor and affected area to make sure the cancer is entirely removed from your body. This procedure can be done in our office with the use of numbing cream or local anesthetic.
- Cryosurgery: This procedure is similar to wart removal where we apply liquid nitrogen to the affected area to freeze the tissue, causing the cancer cells to die.
- Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is used to destroy cancer cells and can be administered either through intravenous therapy (IV) or in oral pill form.
- Radiation therapy: Uses high doses of radiation to kill cancer cells or shrink the size of tumors.
- Targeted therapy: Medication that targets and kills the cancer’s genes, proteins, and the tissues that contribute to cancer’s growth.
The earlier you detect skin diseases or potential skin cancers, the more treatment options and higher success rates you will have. For more information on melanomas or to request an appointment, please don’t hesitate to contact us today at (407) 351-1888.
Skin Cancer Prevention, Detection, and Treatment
Skin Cancer Prevention
- Apply sunscreen every day you are going to be outside. We recommend SPF 30 or higher and reapplying after exposure to water and/or every two hours. Make sure to apply sunscreen 30 minutes before sun exposure. Apply one ounce to your entire body. Make sure sunscreen is labeled broad-spectrum (UVA/UVB)
- Wear sun protective clothing and hats outdoors
- Newborn babies are extra sensitive to the sun and should be kept in the shade as much as possible until they reach six months of age, when sunscreen may be applied
- NEVER use tanning beds. Sunless tanners and bronzers are safe alternatives.
- Ingredients matter. Ask us about any skin products you have questions or concerns about. We can help you pick out sunscreens, SPF makeup, sunless tanners, and more.